Tuesday, March 19, 2019
Factors to Childlessness :: Reproduction, Sweden
Factors associated with the trends in childlessness (1000 address )Trends in marriage, trends in formation of familyDrawing from the literature.Role of voluntary and automatic factors (1000 words )Is childlessness due to infertility or by circumstances or choice?- Drawing from the literature. The risk of childlessness is increased with the delay in the stolon birth. The reproduction span is also reduced and so is the number of children. Changes in educational level also leads to come outp champion ment of fertility.(Olah and Bernhardt 2008). High tolerance towards childless ness is found in the Post modern values dominant in Sweden propagate the importance of leisure and friends in life and children though considered important , are not needed for a fulfilling life (Olah and Bernhardt 2008). The third educated women in Sweden is seen to have higher rates of childlessness than others(Olah and Bernhardt 2008Sweden observed highest womanly delve force participation in Europe an d was considered as the major reason for the fertility decline in 60s and 80s in Sweden along with the post modern values and contraception use which provided more control everyplace childbearing to the women(Olah and Bernhardt 2008))Contradictory to the above, Sweden , who is the forerunner in the second demographic transition, has observed the European highest and Sweden depressive disorderest fertility trends which have fluctuated greatly in mid-sixties and 70s (Olah and Bernhardt 2008).With the dominance of the post modern values in this increasingly secularised society, Sweden boasts of having one of the highest ideal family size in the European union and childlessness is relatively low (Olah and Bernhardt 2008). Sweden also has the highest amount of labour force participation in the good Europe and the education among women is also as high as the men(Olah and Bernhardt 2008). at that place is an important role played by the family policies in Sweden in keeping the fertil ity level high, which are based on equality crosswise social groups and gender (Olah and Bernhardt 2008). The eligibility to parental leave and other benefits is linked to the labour force attachments and thus the family policies play an important role in the forms in the fertility rates(Ola and Bernhardt 2008). Some researchers attributes compound economic status and educational learning have contributed in delays in marriage and childbearing and increases in divorcement and single motherhood(Danziger and Ratner 2010) please refer more to sourceClaudia Goldin (2006) describes womens enhanced engagement in the economy as the most remarkable change in the labour markets in the 20th century.